Prior to all modern medicines, herbal medicines were used to treat any kind of illness. Once again herbal remedies are being explored for their power to heal not just common ailments but even deadly diseases. It is important to have medicinal plants around the house as most herbs are high in antioxidant, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and carminative properties and rich in powerful nutrients. Here we will talk about few most common medicinal plants that have highest medicinal value and worth planting around the house. Growing these medicinal plants with effective health promoting compounds will help you to get immediate treatment for some common ailments in case of emergencies. They will not only help you to save some money, you will get them fresh whenever you need them. You can grow these medicinal plants easily in your garden, backyard, in your kitchen windowsill or even indoors.
8 Medicinal Plants You Must Grow At Home
1. Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera is a succulent medicinal plant also called a miracle plant for its amazing healing properties. It contains several vitamins like A, C, E, Vitamin B1,B2, B3, B12 and Folic Acids and minerals like magnesium, calcium, iron zinc and copper etc.. Just moist soil and sun exposure is required to grow this plant. Its leaves contain gel that can be used to treat burns, cuts, skin allergies, eczema. Aloe Vera juice is extremely beneficial for healing digestive issues like chronic constipation, appetite, peptic ulcer etc.
Basil has been used since ages not just as a cooking herb, but as a medicinal herb for treating cough, cold, and lack of appetite, nausea, gas, flatulence, headache, acne and other skin problems. It is so useful because it has antioxidant, anti-bacterial, antiseptic and inflammatory properties and rich in vitamins and minerals like vitamin C, A, K and Calcium, copper, iron, manganese, magnesium and omega-3 fatty acids. To grow this plant, look for a warm sunny place. Water the plant regularly to keep the soil moist. During winter cover basil plant with a net as this plant is quite sensitive to cold weather.
3. Tea Tree
Another very useful medicinal plant which every household must try to grow is tea tree. Tea tree oil is extracted from the leaves and twigs of this plant, which contains antifungal, antibacterial and antiseptic properties and are highly effective for treating cuts, burns, Athlete foot, insect bites, acne, vaginal infection, cystitis, chronic fatigue syndrome, glandular fever and thrush.
Another commonly used medicinal plant that can be grown easily at home is mint. Enriched with vitamin A, C, manganese and iron, it has antioxidant, expectorant, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. Mint leaves are not just used to flavor foods but it can be used to treat fever, upset stomach, vomiting, sore muscles indigestion, abdominal pain, Headache, heartburn, chest pain, irritable bowel syndrome and bad breath. Mint can be grown in shades as well as sunny area. Keep the plant well-watered to keep the soil moist.
Besides being good cooking herb parsley can be grown at home for it for its excellent medicinal qualities. Rich in volatile oils, flavonoids and antioxidant and vital nutrients like vitamin A, C, B-12, vitamin K and folic acid, it has numerous medicinal uses like coughs, constipation, gas, indigestion, colic, high blood pressure, jaundice and osteoarthritis. This herb can be grown easily in large pots. It can thrive in sun as well as shade. Grow them in well-drained damp soil and shift the pots to indoor location to survive chilly winter or cover them with net or plastic during winter.
Chamomile has been used as a medicinal herb for centuries for its sedative qualities and to relieve indigestion, anxiety and stress, skin inflammation and many other digestive issues. This medicinal herb is loaded with nutrients and has been used to promote sleep and calming the mind for its calming and soothing effect. Both the flower and salves of this herb is used for medicinal purpose. There are two kinds of chamomile; Roman chamomile and German chamomile. Plant them in spring either from seed or plant. Growing them from seed is relatively easy. They grow best in cool condition part shade. Once the plant gets established, it can easily thrive with very little care. This drought tolerate plant needs to be watered only during prolonged drought. This medicinal herb will also add beauty to your garden.
7. Lemon Balm
Lemon balm is a versatile medicinal herb with lemony, minty smell and contains antioxidant, antimicrobial, antispasmodic and astringent properties that help relive anxiety and stress, insomnia, fever, colds, upset stomach, insect bites, menstrual cramps, wounds, herpes and cold sores. The herb needs rich moist and well-drained soil and needs minimum of six hours of sunlight. It can thrive in alkaline and acidic soil and needs very little fertilizer. You have to protect the plant from frost.
Sage is a perennial herb the genus name Salvia which means ‘to Heal’ and is used both for culinary and medicinal purpose. It contains numerous volatile oils, flavonoids and nutrients like vitamin A and K. It has antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antibiotic and carminative properties and is used for treating digestive issues like gas, heartburn, and loss of appetite, cold sores, menstrual cramps, gum disease, stomach ache, excessive sweating and asthma. Grow this plant in fertile, well-drained soil with allocation where it can get enough sunlight.