Extreme summer heat can be too hard on the garden plants. They need special care; just watering may not be enough to keep them cool and fruitful. Heat wave even takes toll on well-established garden plants. Fortunately, there are some simple measures you can take to protect your garden from heat and keep your garden growing. Late summer is also the time when your plants start producing crops like spinach, lettuce, kale, broccoli, carrots, radishes and beets. Hot temperature can be hard on plants as well as on gardeners to grow them; these simple techniques can help you and your crops to cope with this extreme weather.
Here Are 6 DIY Tips To Protect Your Garden In Summer
1. Watering The Plants
Watering the plants properly is essential during hot summer days. Watering the plants early in the morning and evening is best way to avoid evaporation. If you water your plants during the midday, they will evaporate before getting to the root. Deep watering is also required 2-3 times a week as it helps to strengthen the roots into the deeper and cooler layer of the soil. But during extreme hot weather, water conservation is intensified. Strive for deep watering occasionally with a soaker hose. Overhead sprinkler will also work. Mulch can prevent water access to the plant. Take care that the water reaches to the root zone.
2. Avoid Over Watering
As much as under watering can cause damage to your plant, over watering can do the same. Overwatering can lead to rotting of the root or cause it to suffer from fungal diseases. When plants are over watered continuously, it can result in growth of fungus in the soil and deprive the roots from getting oxygen.
3. Apply Mulch
Application of a liberal layer of mulch around the plants is a first line defense against hot summer weather. This helps to insulate plant’s roots and protect the soil from direct exposure to the sun, keeping the soil moist. It also prevents evaporation of water from the soil and reduces the need of frequent watering. Apply mulch like dry grass clippings, straw, leaves and pine needles up to 4-6 inches to save the plants.
4. Provide Shade To Your Plants
To protect your plant from extreme heat, work to increase shade, particularly during the hottest part of the day. Otherwise plants like peppers, eggplant and tomatoes can cease flowering. Shade cloths are easily available in different sizes in garden stores. You can also use a patio umbrella for a small area or row cover or any light hhtweight fabric. Sensitive plants like salad green needs more protection while vegetables like squash and beans are more heat tolerant. A shade cloth should be temporary solution and care should be taken not to enclose them, it should be positioned above the plant or from one side and cloth structure should be strong enough to withstand wind, block direct sunlight without reducing airing.
5. Heat Tolerant Plants
Some plants and vegetables like pepper, basil, tomatoes and eggplant do well when the temperature shoots up. Plant them in the sunniest part of your garden. If your garden gets plenty of full sun, then look for some heat-tolerate plants, shrubs and trees like sun flower, lavender, and sedum, Echinacea that can withstand heat and also suit your landscape.
6. Protect Your Plant From Strong Winds
Strong heat waves dry out the soil, mulch and plants, so for protecting them wind-breakers like hedge or fencing is required which can allow some air flow through without damaging the plants. It is better to shade the fence with trees or install some screen in between the plants and the fence that can block heat.
Most importantly, take all the safety precaution while gardening in the heat.